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一级考试样题
时间: 2008年07月29日 来源:本站原创 浏览?#38382;?

一级试卷题型:

l        选择题三个单元必考科目和两个单元选考科目的题型均是单选题,共五科,每课选择题有20题,答对10题该科考试即可通过;

l        情景案例题:三道情景案例题。每题50分。满分150分,达到75分即可通过。

*一般认证通过的条件是每科和情景案例题均须分别通过。

 

一级样题及答案要点

选择题样题:

Sample 1:
Which sub division of logistics applies to the return of used packaging for recycling?
A. reverse logistics
B. inbound logistics
C. internal logistics
D. outbound logistics
物流的哪个部?#36136;?#29992;于回收包装材料?#21592;?#24490;环利用?
A.
逆向物流
B.
进货物流
C.
内部物流
D.
出货物流

Sample 2:
B2B means one of the following:
A. Buyer to business
B. Business to business
C. Buyer to buyer
D. Business to buyer
B2B
是指:
A.
买主对企业(Buyer to business
B.
企业对企业(Business to business
C.
买主对买主(Buyer to buyer
D.
企业对买主(Business to buyer

Sample 3:
The main component of "user benefits" is:
A. Cheaper travel
B. Fewer journeys
C. A more frequent service
D. Shorter journey times
使用者的利益的主要部?#36136;牽?SPAN lang=EN-US>
A.
比较便宜的旅费
B.
比较少的旅行
C.
更为频繁的服务
D.
短途旅行的?#38382;?/SPAN>



案例分析题:

Sample 1:
Case Study
案例背景

A manufacturing company in Beijing has recently improved profitability by introducing a Just in Time (JIT) system of distribution for its products which allows them to reduce inventory. They also introduced an advanced planning and scheduling system (APS), which enables them to plan production more accurately and reduce production delays.
?#26412;?#26576;家生产制造企业最近在产品分销中通过引入?#38469;?#21046;(JIT)系?#24120;?#20943;少了库存,提高了利润率。该企业还引入了一套先进计划与排程系?#24120;?SPAN lang=EN-US>APS),使得他们能?#30343;迪指?#31934;确的排产,并减少生产延迟。

This new system has reduced planning time dramatically and led to a reduction in the amount of stock needed to cover unforeseen demand. (This stock is termed ‘safety stock’). It has also enabled the company to cut out many other non-essential costs from their production process.
这套新系统使得该企业极大地缩短了计划时间,减少了满足不可预测需求的库存(这种库存称为安全库存),同?#27604;?#38500;了生产过程中许多不必要的费用。

Reports are generated on a daily basis to inform the managers where production delays are still occurring in order that they can act to reduce delays even further. Other reports inform managers of expected changes to the work schedule in order that the workforce and the plant are able to meet any demands upon them resulting from fluctuating customer requirements.
向管理人员提交有关仍然存在生产延迟的每日报告,?#21592;?#20182;们能够采取行动进一步减少生产延迟。管理人员还将得到有关生产进度预期变化的报告,?#21592;?#29983;产人员和企业能够满足波动的顾客需求。

These improvements have enabled the company to offer customers improved service levels at lower cost and has led to the staff feeling that they are more involved and better informed about the running of the company.
这些改进使该企业能以?#31995;?#30340;成本向顾客提供更好的服务,同?#27604;?#21592;工感到参与更多、更加清楚公司的运作。

The company is now experiencing a major upturn in it’s customer base, general productivity and profitability and a reduction in staff absenteeism.
目前,该企业的客户群、整体生产率和利润率?#21152;?#30528;明显的好转,而员工的旷工情况明显减少。


Questions
问题
1. The manufacturing company has introduced a Just in Time system of distribution. Briefly explain what is meant by Just in Time distribution.
1.
该企业在产品分销中引入了?#38469;?#21046;系统。请简要解释?#38469;?#21046;分销(Just in Time distribution)。

答案要点:
?
减少浪费正确的时间、正确的地点产出正确的产品;
?
提高对客户的服务水平;
?
提高利润率和投资回报率,并通过减少库存水平;
?
建立物料流程。

2. Just in Time methods had helped the company to reduce inventory. Why do you think this has happened?
2.
?#38469;?#21046;方法帮助该企业减少了库存,你认为为什么会这样?

答案要点: 减少浪费,通过提高库存周转率、产品质量、缩短生产及交付周期,实现利润率的提高。这些因素与通过建立物料流程而提高的产品质量共同减少了缺陷和其它?#28909;?#25439;坏或回收等的浪?#36873;W际?#21046;通常应用于重复性生产过程,?#28909;?#19968;个生产线,来建立物料流程,必然能实现库存量的减少。

3. Production planning was seen as an essential element in improving efficiency. Why might that be the case?
3.
生产计划的编制被认为是提高效率的关键因素,为什么?

答案要点:
?
生产计划是关于为满足需求变化,?#21592;?#33021;提前应对需求变化的发生。
?
使得企业能根据需要调整员工数量水平
?
使企业启?#27599;?#33021;出现的对额外?#35797;?#30340;需求。

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湖北11选5前三走势图
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